Study shows increase in smoking and vaping among Irish teens
According to a study published in Ireland, the prevalence of smoking among Irish adolescents has increased for the first time in 25 years. Open research ERJ..
The study also shows that the percentage of teens vaping has increased over the past four years and that teens who use e-cigarettes are more likely to smoke.
The researchers say their results show Ireland is not meeting its targets for reducing smoking rates and they add evidence that vaping can promote a new generation of nicotine addicted teens.
The study was led by Professor Luke Clancy, director of the Dublin-based Tobacco Free Research Institute Ireland. He says: âIn Ireland, as in many other countries in Europe and the United States, the prevalence of smoking among adolescents is declining, while the use of electronic cigarettes is increasing globally.
âNS Risk of smoking Well known. We are still learning about the effects of e-cigarettes, but we know that the nicotine in them can cause brain damage in adolescents. It is also feared that it could lead to an increase in smoking. “
Researchers conducted the European School Survey on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) in Ireland, a four-year survey of around 100,000 people aged 15 to 16 in 35 European countries. We surveyed data on adolescents in Ireland. The 2015 survey covered 1,493 Irish adolescents and the 2019 survey included 1,949 adolescents.
According to the results of the 2019 survey, 16.2% of boys smoked against 13.1% in 2015, but in 2019, 12.8% of girls smoked against 12.8% in 2015. low.
In 2015, 23% of teens had used e-cigarettes at some point and increased to 37% in 2019. In 2015, 10.1% said they currently used e-cigarettes, up to 18.1% in 2019.
The data also showed that teens who reported using or currently using e-cigarettes at some point were also 50% more likely to smoke.
Professor Clancy said: âIn Ireland, the government has set itself the goal of making the country ‘tobacco’ by 2025. That is, smoking rates are expected to be below 5%. Previous research may not achieve this goal. It’s the whole population, but until now I thought I could do it as a teenager. This is now highly unlikely, which means that smoking and all associated deaths and disabilities will continue. “
Ireland was the only country to include questions on e-cigarettes in the 2015 ESPAD survey, the impact of e-cigarette use on teenage smoking prevalence.
Jonathan Grigg, who was not involved in the study, is the Chairman of the European Respiratory Society’s Tobacco Control Committee and Professor of Pediatric Respiratory and Environmental Medicine at Queen Mary University in London, England. He says: âThe increasing prevalence of smoking among adolescents is of great concern as we know that tobacco is harmful to children and adolescents. We are also concerned about the increased use of electronic cigarettes. You should know that this is not trivial. This study shows that the use of electronic cigarettes is also associated with smoking.
âGovernments around the world need to pay attention to the increasing use of e-cigarettes and how they are being promoted so that they can protect teens from nicotine addiction. “
Professor Clancy and his colleagues continue to study smoking and e-cigarettes among Irish adolescents. He adds, âWe need policies to protect young people from the continued use of tobacco and e-tobacco that I might play. Further research will be conducted on the relationship between smoking and e-cigarettes, in particular to find out the role of social media and how companies can use these platforms to promote nicotine products. ”
Electronic cigarettes and tobacco Tobacco use is associated with an increased risk of respiratory symptoms
Salome Sunday et al, Increase in smoking and e-cigarette use among Irish adolescents: a new threat to tobacco-free Ireland in 2025, Open research ERJ (2021). DOI: 10.1183 / 23120541.00438-2021
European Lung Foundation
Quote: According to a survey, Irish teens (September 20, 2021) obtained from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-09-vaping-irish-teens.html on September 20, 2021. Increase in smoking and e-cigarettes
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