Study reveals harmful effects of vaping on adult bone health


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A US-based study identified that the effects of vaping can be harmful to bone health, increasing the risk of developing osteoporosis.

Although smoking conventional cigarettes is a well-established risk factor for osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture, the effects of vaping – using e-cigarettes – have not been studied previously on bone health. Today, a team of American researchers conducted an in-depth study of 5,500 adult e-cigarette users to determine the real effects of vaping.

Researchers found that e-cigarette use was associated with a higher prevalence of fragility fractures in all age groups, which are defined as a collection of self-reported fractures of the hip, spine, or chest. wrist resulting from minimal trauma such as a fall. of standing height or less. The study also found that electronic cigarette use can be detrimental to bone health, even in young adults.

The results of the study are published in the American Open Journal of Medicine.

Increase in the use of vaping

Electronic cigarettes contain a cocktail of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin and varying levels of nicotine and additives, generating a flavored vapor. Over the past decade, the use of electronic cigarettes has increased dramatically, marketed as a healthier alternative to traditional smoking and an effective way to reduce cigarette addiction completely. However, due to the technology still in its infancy, the true long-term effects of vaping remain unknown.

Dayawa D. Agoons, the study’s principal investigator in the UPMC Department of Medicine, said, “In my outpatient clinic, I saw a patient after surgery to repair a fractured femoral neck. She smoked and used electronic cigarettes to quit smoking. I realized that there was a lack of knowledge in the literature on the potential relationship between e-cigarettes and fragility fractures and decided to conduct this study.

Examine the effects of vaping

The researchers performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from the 2017-18 National Survey of Health and Nutrition (NHANES), allowing them to examine samples from more than 5,500 American adult men and women, putting highlight the association between the use of electronic cigarettes and fragility fractures. The survey covered 4,519 (81.2%) people who had never used electronic cigarettes and 1,050 (18.8%) who had used them, of whom 444 (8%) had a self-fragility fracture. declared.

The results indicated a higher prevalence of fragility fractures among e-cigarette users than non-users, finding that dual cigarette and e-cigarette users had a higher prevalence of fragility fractures than those who exclusively smoked cigarettes. cigarettes.

In the United States, e-cigarette use is highest in the 18-25 age group, indicating that young e-cigarette users potentially increase their risk of osteoporotic fractures over time. Because of these dangerous effects of vaping, the team urges healthcare providers – especially those practicing primary care – to view e-cigarettes as a potential risk factor for fragility fracture and to include the risk. from fracture to the possible adverse effects of vaping.

Dr Agoons commented: “To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the relationship between e-cigarette use and fragility fractures. It fills an important knowledge gap given the growing popularity of electronic cigarette use and the significant economic burden as well as the known morbidity and mortality associated with osteoporotic fractures. Our results provide data to inform researchers, health policy makers and tobacco regulators about the potential association of e-cigarette use with reduced bone health. “

Previous studies have also indicated an association between electronic cigarettes and various illnesses such as COPD, coronary heart disease, and depression.

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