Study explains why quitting smoking is harder for women than for men
Update: August 28, 2021 3:18 PM STI
Washington [US], August 28 (ANI): A recent study from the University of Burgundy found that although men “> women smoke fewer cigarettes than men, they are less likely to quit.
The research was recently presented at ESC 2021.
Study author Ms. Ingrid Allagbe, a doctoral student at the University of Burgundy, Dijon, France, said: “In our study, men”> women who used smoking cessation services had higher rates. high overweight or obesity, depression and anxiety compared to men and quit the habit less often. Our results underscore the need to provide smoking cessation interventions tailored to the needs of men “> women”.
This study compared the characteristics and rates of abstinence of men and women who consulted smoking cessation services between 2001 and 2018 in France. Data were obtained from the national CDT-net database. The study included smokers aged 18 and over with at least one additional risk. cardiovascular disease factor: overweight / obesity (body mass index [BMI] 25 kg / m2 or more); high cholesterol level; Diabetes; arterial hypertension; history of stroke, heart attack or angina pectoris.
A nicotine dependence scale was used to classify participants as having mild, moderate, or severe dependence. Abstinence from smoking (at least 28 consecutive days) was self-reported and confirmed by measuring exhaled carbon monoxide below 10 parts per million (ppm).
Participants provided information on their age, education level, other conditions including diabetes and respiratory illnesses, and a number of cigarettes smoked each day. The height and weight were measured. Participants were classified as having or not showing symptoms of anxiety and depression based on their medical history, use of anti-anxiety drugs or antidepressants, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). .
A total of 37,949 smokers were included in the study, of which 16,492 (43.5%) were male “> female. The average age of male”> female in the study was 48 years, while the mean age of the men was 51 years (p women (55%) reported a bachelor’s degree or more than men (45%; p Both men and “> women had a high burden of cardiovascular risk factors. Hypercholesterolemia was more common in men (33%) compared to men”> women (30%; p women (10%; p A greater proportion of men “> women (27%) were overweight or obese compared to men (20%; p women (24%) versus men (21% p The mean number of cigarettes smoked daily was 23 for men “> women and 27 for men (p women were severely dependent on nicotine, compared to 60% of men ( p women (52%) than men (55%; p Ms Allagbe said: “The results suggest that despite smoking fewer cigarettes and being less addicted to nicotine than men, men”> women have more difficulty quitting. Possible factors could be the higher prevalence of anxiety, depression and overweight or obesity in men “> women. It has been previously reported that men”> women may face different barriers to quitting. tobacco related to fear of weight gain, sex hormones and mood. . “
She concluded: “The results indicate that comprehensive smoking cessation programs are needed for men”> women who offer a multidisciplinary approach involving a psychologist, dietitian and physical activity specialist. “(ANI)