Smokers are less likely to survive a heart attack – Eurasia Review
Smokers are less likely to survive a heart attack than non-smokers, according to new data compiled by researchers at the Jordanian University of Science and Technology in Irbid. Levels of alpha-1 anti trypsin (A1AT) – a liver protein that protects body tissues – in smokers were “significantly lower” than in non-smokers, according to the study. Yet, no difference was detected in hypertensive and non-hypertensive people. The researchers will present their findings in person at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2022 in Philadelphia.
About 1.5 million heart attacks and strokes occur each year in the United States, according to the Division of Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is thought that A1AT may offer protection to heart tissue when released during a heart attack.
“The purpose of this study was to compare the plasma levels of A1AT released in smokers and non-smokers, and between hypertensive and non-hypertensive individuals after stroke,” reported co-author Said Khatib, PhD. ‘study.
The human study was conducted on 29 adult men and 11 adult women through blood samples taken within 1, 4, 24, 48 and 96 hours of being diagnosed with a heart attack. The participants were divided into four groups of smokers and non-smokers, and hypertensives and non-hypertensives.
Researchers believe that maintaining appropriate levels of A1AT in smokers during a heart attack will improve their chances of survival.