One-fifth of 13-15 year olds used some kind of tobacco product: survey
Almost a fifth of students aged 13 to 15 have used some form of tobacco product in their lifetime, but this consumption fell by 42% between 2009 and 2019, according to a survey report released on Tuesday.
The National Fact Sheet Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS-4) indicates that 38 percent of cigarette smokers, 47 percent of smokers of bidis, and 52 percent of smokeless tobacco users started using it before their 10th birthday. The median age at onset of smoking and smokeless tobacco use was 11.5 years, 10.5 years and 9.9 years, respectively.
According to the fact sheet, 69% of current cigarette smokers and 78% of current bidis smokers bought cigarettes or bidis from a store, paan shop, street vendor or vending machine. Among current smokers who bought cigarettes or bidis, 45% of cigarette smokers and 47% of bidis smokers were not turned down because of their age.
Tobacco use among students in EU states and territories ranged from highest in Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram (58 pc each) to lowest in Himachal Pradesh (1.1 pc) and Karnataka ( 1.2 pc).
Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya presided over the release of GYTS-4, India, 2019, Tuesday,
He stressed that the role of teachers was the most crucial in sensitizing children and their parents to the harms of smoking and in shaping children’s attitudes in this regard, according to a statement from the Ministry of Health.
“The sooner and more we make children aware of the harms of smoking, the better the results will be in terms of reducing the prevalence of smoking among children and therefore among adults,” he said in the statement. .
The “harmful effects of tobacco use” should be integrated into school curricula at different levels, starting from primary school level, he added.
GYTS-4 was conducted in 2019 by the International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS) under the Ministry of Health.
The survey was designed to produce national estimates of tobacco use among schoolchildren aged 13 to 15 at state and Union territory (UT) level by sex, location of school (rural-urban) and school management (public-private). ).
The first three cycles of GYTS were conducted in 2003, 2006 and 2009.
A total of 97,302 students from 987 schools (public-544; private-443) participated in the survey. Among them, 80,772 students aged 13 to 15 were taken into account for the report, according to the ministry statement.
The objective of the survey was to provide information on tobacco use, withdrawal, second-hand smoke, access and availability, exposure to anti-smoking information, awareness and responsiveness to tobacco marketing, knowledge and attitudes.
According to the main results of the survey, almost a fifth of students aged 13 to 15 have used any form of tobacco product (smoking, smokeless and any other form) in their lifetime. However, current usage (in the past 30 days) was 8.5 percent.
Between the last two surveys, current usage decreased by 42% (2009-2019).
The prevalence of smoking among boys was 9.6 percent and among girls 7.4 percent. The prevalence of smoking was 7.3 percent. In the case of smokeless tobacco products, the prevalence was 4.1 percent, according to the fact sheet.
Electronic cigarette use among college students was 2.8%, he said.
The consumption of any form of tobacco was higher among boys than among girls.
Regarding quitting, 2 in 10 current smokers have tried to quit in the past 12 months and 2 in 10 other students wanted to quit now.
In addition, 27 percent of current smokeless tobacco users have tried to quit in the past 12 months and 25% wanted to quit now.
Regarding second-hand smoke, 29.5% of students were exposed to second-hand smoke (11.2% at home, 21.2% in enclosed public places, 23.4 in outdoor public places).
According to the results, 52 percent of students noticed anti-smoking messages in the mass media and 18 percent of students noticed tobacco advertisements or promotions when visiting outlets.
In addition, 71 percent of students believed that other people’s cigarettes were harmful to them, and 58 percent of students supported banning smoking in enclosed public places.
According to the results, 85 percent of principals were aware of COTPA, 2003 and 83 percent of schools were aware of the policy for the posting of “tobacco-free school” signs.
(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)