Kentucky ranks first in lung cancer cases; Condition is poor in terms of survival and early diagnosis – Winchester Sun

Lung Cancer Awareness Month falls in November, but in Kentucky, promoting the prevention and early detection of lung cancer is needed year-round, as the state leads the country in cases lung cancer and has a death rate from the disease that is 50% higher than the national average.

A year-long multimedia campaign, led by the Kentucky Medical Association, the Kentucky Foundation for Medical Care, and the Anthem Foundation, aims to do just that. The Breathe Better Kentucky campaign is designed to educate Kentuckians about lung health issues and encourage them to make an appointment to discuss symptoms, risk factors or screening tests for which they may be eligible.

“For patients with early-stage small lung cancer, early detection is critical to successful treatment, as the cure rate can reach 80-90% when detected in the early stages,” Dr Neal Moser, Dr Shawn Jones and Dr Jeff Reynolds wrote in the Northern Kentucky Tribune.

Far too few Kentuckians know that lung cancer has become easier to prevent, detect and treat, said Dr. Timothy Mullett, medical director of the University of Kentucky’s Markey Cancer Center Affiliate & Research Network.

At a Lung Cancer Awareness Month press conference, Mullett said he was frustrated about it, in part because “the burden of lung cancer on the people of Kentucky is unparalleled.” .

The American Lung Association‘s Fourth Annual State of Lung Cancer Report places Kentucky among the five worst states for smoking, new cases, early diagnosis, and survival.

Report ranks Kentucky second for screening, possibly due to its high case rate, but says the percentage of lung cancer patients (19%) not receiving treatment is worse than average . He ranks 18th for this measure.

The national rate of no treatment is 21%. The report adds that over the past five years, the percentage of cases not receiving treatment in Kentucky has increased by 10%.

One of the best ways to prevent lung cancer is to prevent it, and that involves helping the 23.4% of Kentucky smokers to quit. Smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer, causing about 90% of cases, according to the American Lung Association. Kentucky ranks 2nd in the country for smoking, behind West Virginia.

The State Department for Public Health has a service called Quit Now Kentucky to help Kentuckians of all ages quit smoking. To learn more, visit, text QUITKY to 797979 or call 1-800-QUIT-NOW.

The only recommended screening test for lung cancer is a low-dose CT scan, also called a low-dose CT scan, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Annual CT scans are recommended for adults 50 to 80 years of age who have smoked at least 20 “pack-years” (one pack-years equals one pack of cigarettes per day for one year, or an equivalent amount, such as half a year). -pack per day for two years) and still smokes or has quit within the past 15 years.

The second leading cause of lung cancer is exposure to radon, an invisible gas that comes from bedrock. You cannot see it, taste it or smell it, so the only way to know its concentration in your home is to test it. Radon levels in and under homes are high in many parts of Kentucky.

Some local health departments, as well as the Kentucky Radon program, offer free short-term radon test kits to residents of Kentucky. If high radon levels are detected, radon mitigation systems can be installed to reduce them.

It is also important to know that there is an even higher risk of lung cancer in people who smoke and who are also exposed to radon. According to the UK College of Nursing, the lifetime risk of radon-induced lung cancer is 62 per 1,000 people who have ever smoked, compared to 7 per 1,000 who have never smoked. For this reason, people who smoke or use vaping products should smoke outdoors, according to the college’s Bridging Research Efforts and Advocacy Toward Healthy Environments (BREATHE) project.

Other causes of lung cancer include exposure to certain dangerous chemicals, pollution, and genetics.

Symptoms of lung cancer are a cough that gets worse or does not go away, chest pain, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing up blood, feeling constantly tired or losing weight with no known cause, depending on the patient. CDC.

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