Differences in asthma prevalence in the United States between and within gender identity groups

Researchers sought to determine differences in asthma prevalence between and within gender identity groups among smokers and obese people for one study. To study the prevalence of asthma by gender identity, smoking status, and obesity status, researchers used data from the 2017-2019 National Adult Drug Use and Health Survey. (N = 128,319) to perform weighted multivariate logistic regression analysis, marginal estimates, and margin. to divide. Asthma was reported by 66% of research participants. Additionally, 42% of asthma patients were obese, 10% were daily cigarette smokers, and 6% were classified as bisexual. Bisexual (daily smokers = 78% vs. ex-smokers = 72%) and heterosexual (daily smokers = 68% vs. former smokers = 65%) had a higher risk of asthma than lesbian/gay daily smokers (86%) or former smokers (75%). Daily smokers (68-86%) had the highest asthma risk of all gender identity groups. Obese bisexual (73%) or lesbian/gay (72%) people were more likely than heterosexual people to have asthma (69%). Obese (73%) or overweight (72%) bisexuals (compared to normal normal weight = 70% or underweight = 51%) and obese (69%) or overweight (65%) heterosexuals (compared to normal weight = 62% or underweight = 57%) had the highest rates of asthma within their groups, while overweight people (overweight = 81% versus underweight = 79%, underweight = 79%, normal = 78% and obese = 72%) had the lowest rates among lesbians/gays. Smoking and obesity were associated with an increased risk of asthma, with sexual minorities having a significantly higher likelihood of being diagnosed with asthma than heterosexuals. The findings will help shape future longitudinal and experimental investigations that examine the processes that cause asthma in sexual and gender minorities.

Source –rc.rcjournal.com/content/67/3/331

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